Need a refresher in public policy and how it works? This section starts with some background information on the structure of the U.S. Government and how laws are made.

 

3 Branches of U.S. Government

3 Branches of US Government, The constitution provided separation of powers to the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.

Through legislative analysis, debate, and compromise, the U.S. Congress makes laws. The system of laws, regulatory mandates and actions that shape our daily lives is known as public policy. Public policy is meant to address the health, safety, and welfare of our nation’s citizens and often has widespread social and economic impacts. Public policy is considered ‘strong’ when it solves problems efficiently and effectively, serves justice, supports governmental institutions and policies, and encourages active citizenship.

How a Bill Becomes a Law

A bill becomes a law by being introcuded in the house or senate by a primary sponsore and then placed in the hopper where it will be assigned a legislative number before the speaker of the house sends it to a committee. Then it goes to committee where public hearing occurs. Then Congress debates and votes on the bill on the floor. Finally the bill can either get voted into law by the president or vetoed or not signed in which it still becomes law.

Crash Course on U.S. Government and Politics Video

(Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios)

Congress.gov: Overview of the Legislative Process Video

Learn about Local Government

Most citizens have more daily contact with their state and local governments than with the federal government. Police and fire departments, schools, libraries- not to mention drivers licenses and parking tickets- usually fall under the oversight of state and local government. Each state has it’s own written constitution, and these documents are often far more elaborate than their federal counterpart.

Did you know? Missouri’s Constitution is nearly 8 times longer than the U.S. Constitution. 

The 10th amendment of the U.S. Constitution gives all powers not granted by the federal government to the states and to the people. All state governments are modeled after the federal government and consist of 3 branches: Executive, Legislative, and Judicial.

Executive Branch: Lead by Michael L. Parson. An American politician and former law enforcement officer currently serving as the 57th Governor of Missouri since June 1, 2018, having taken office after the resignation of Eric Greitens

Legislative Branch: Bicameral legislature made up of a smaller upper house (Senators) and a larger lower house (Representatives). Legislators are elected representatives who not only create and vote legislation into law, but also approve state budgets and initiate tax legislation and articles of impeachment.

Judicial Branch: The state supreme court hears appeals from lower-level state courts.

Learn more about state and local government at Whitehouse.gov.